The co-operation area was established in 2020 by an agreement between Metsähallitus and the managemen authority of Reisa National Park and Ráisduottarháld Landscape Protection Area. The co-operation also covers the functional connections of the protected areas in the surrounding area to Kilpisjärvi, Kaivuono/Kåfjord, Storslett in the outlet of Reisadalen valley and Kautokeino.

The purpose of cooperation is to protect the natural and cultural values of the area and to ensure its sustainable use. The co-operation agreement does not change the regulations of the nature reserves and the co-operation follows the official management and use plans of the areas. The co-operation is organized according to the model of the European National Parks Association Europarc. The Halti co-operation area has applied for Europarc’s Border Park Cooperation Certificate and membership in the TransParcNet network of European border parks

How to get there

There are several ways to get into the Háldi Transboundary Cooperation area and there are some recommended entrance points connected to marked trails and recreational infrastructure.

Each place leads you to different nature experiences and different nature types. The preferred entrance point depends on where you are traveling from, what experiences you are looking for and how much time you have available.

The recommended entrance points for Háldi transboundary area are the same as for Reisa National Park which can be found here

 

Common wilderness

The highest point in Finland, Háldičohkka 1324 m, is located on the Norwegian border as part of the joint mountain range Háldi.

On the norwegian side the mountain is called Ráisduottarháldi and is slightly higher, 1361 m asl. The border divides themountain range and the surrounding Halti region between Norway and Finland. This Arctic region of continental Europe is a vast landscape area devoid of roads and permanent settlement. It have always been important as living area and hunting grounds of the local people. The areas on both sides of the border is of big importanse of sami reindeer husbandry.

The area of Halti is scenically divided into three main types: rocky great fells, mountain plateau covered by little or no vegetation and spots of mountain birch, and river valleys. Natural waters play an important role in the area’s nature. On the Finnish side, the waters flow through the Tornio – Muonionjoki River into the Gulf of Bothnia and in Norway from the mountains into the Arctic Ocean. The national border runs along the watershed. A large number of endangered species occur in the area. Such are the species that require calcareous bedrock that survive in the Arctic climate. This unique nature is threatened by human activity and climate change.

Cross-border hiking

The Halti area is a major nature tourism destination. In Finland for several decades, in Norway of more recent date.

The border is easy to cross both off-road and by road. In Finland, people have traditionally hiked from Kilpisjärvi to Halti or fished on mountain lakes and rivers. The most popular places to visit are in the vicinity of Lake Kilpisjärvi: the common border laundry of Finland, Sweden and Norway can be reached by boat and hiking and on a staggered route over Saana.

The most famous destinations in Norway are salmon fishing or a boat trip to Mollisfossen Falls on Reisajoki, via Kaivuono to the top of Halti or the bridge over one of the deepest gorges in Europe to Gorsabro or the Norwegian Sámi center to Kautokeino. These destinations are all easily accessible from the road around the Halti area. The Kalott Route, which is part of the E1 long-distance hiking route throughout Europe, runs through the entire area. The route can be reached from Kilpisjärvi, Kaivuono’s Guolasjärvi, Reisajokivarri Ovi Raishiin starting point, Reisajärvi or the end point of the route from Kautokeino. (photos) The route continues south to the border laundry of the Three Kingdoms and from there on the Norwegian-Swedish border to Lake Tisko in Abisko.

History and culture unite

Although the border between Finland and Norway has been in its current position since 1734, it has always been crossed quite freely. The most important unifying factor is Sámi culture and reindeer husbandry. 

The annual migration of reindeer between inland winter pastures and summer pastures on the Arctic coast continued until 1852. At that time, the border agreement between Norway and Russia prohibited crossing the border, which caused major changes in reindeer husbandry and Sámi culture. Even in the country, reindeer husbandry, which is divided by the border, is still an important industry and the cultural basis of Sami culture and language. There has been trade along the major rivers between the coast and the hinterland. Years of famine were people fled from Finland to the Norwegian coast, where a Finnish-speaking Kven minority culture emerged.

Finland, Sweden and Norway share common values and history, which is reflected in everyone’s rights in the use of the regions. The most significant of these is the right to move off-road with muscle power, with the exception of some nature reserves. Especially on the Finnish side, the Halti area has been a significant hiking area since the beginning of the 20th century. In recent decades, tourism has grown into an important industry throughout the region. Although Finland belongs to the EU and Norway to NATO, the border is still free to be crossed with certain restrictions within the framework of the Schengen Agreement.

Up-to-date information on nature centers and the network

Crossing the border in the terrain is possible and everyone's rights in Finland, Norway and Sweden are largely the same. However, there are differences, for example, when moving with animals or mountain bikes. 

The hiker should familiarize himself with the regulations and guidelines of different countries and nature reserves when planning to cross the border. The weather situation and the herding of reindeer in the area should also be taken into account when planning the trip.

Kilpisjärvi Nature Center and Halti National Park Center in Storslett provide visitors with up-to-date information on site and online. Both with their exhibitions are interesting places to visit. Halti Nature Center is also a center for Kven culture. The interactive Infokiosk service of the nature centers offers an opportunity to get acquainted with the natural and cultural sites and services of the Halti region.

Agreement on the cooperation area of Halti

Halti's cooperation area consists of the Käsivarri wilderness area in Finland and the adjacent Reisa National Park and the Ráisduottarháld Landscape Protection Area in Norway. 

The cooperation area was established in 2020 by an agreement between Metsähallitus and the managemen authority of Reisa National Park and Ráisduottarháld Landscape Protection Area. The co-operation also covers the functional connections of the protected areas in the surrounding area to Kilpisjärvi, Kaivuono/Kåfjord, Storslett in the outlet of Reisadalen valley and Kautokeino.

The purpose of cooperation is to protect the natural and cultural values of the area and to ensure its sustainable use. The cooperation agreement does not change the regulations of the nature reserves and the cooperation follows the official management and use plans of the areas. The cooperation is organized according to the model of the European National Parks Association Europarc. The Halti cooperation area has applied for Europarc’s Border Park Cooperation Certificate and membership in the TransParcNet network of European border parks.

Halti project 2018-2020

The Halti co-operation area was established in the HALTI - Cross-border co-operation area project in 2018-2020.

The partners in the Interreg North program project led by Metsähallitus were the Natural Resources Center, the Government of the Reisa National Park and the Ráisduottarháld Landscape Protection Area, the Halti Nature Center, the Municipality of Kaivuono and the University of Tromsø. The project was funded by the Provincial Government of Norrbotten (EU funding), the Federation of Lapland and the Provincial Governments of Tromsø and Finnmark.

 

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